- For commonly used decks, see Common deck types.
A deck is a collection of exactly 30 cards assembled before a match, as well as the zone which players draw cards from (and sometimes add cards to) during gameplay. Each deck is tied to a specific class.
Decks can be created and modified through the Collection manager. Each deck occupies a deck slot, with the number of deck slots limiting how many decks the player can possess. Currently, players have access to 18 deck slots in the game client. Additionally, a player can store more decks in offhand text files using deck strings.
Players start with basic decks, but can customise or replace these. Deck Recipes provide convenient deck lists for exploring new classes or deck types. Deck Sharing is a feature which allows players to easily share and assemble each others' decks.
During a game, the deck of remaining undrawn cards is displayed on the right side of the battlefield for both players. All card draw and some discard effects cause cards to be removed from the player's deck, and when a player has exhausted their deck, they will begin to suffer fatigue damage. Shuffle into deck effects, on the other hand, can add cards to the deck, including cards that were not originally part of the deck. Players can mouse over each deck to see how many cards remain therein.
Some card effects interact with the deck by shuffling cards into it, copying or moving cards from it, or checking it for duplicate cards. A very few cards have special effects that can activate even when the card itself is still inside the deck.
Construction[edit | edit source]
Each player deck is built for a specific class, and must only use neutral cards and cards specific to the corresponding class. For example a rogue deck could include Backstab and Earthen Ring Farseer, but could not include Fireball or Voidwalker. Class must be chosen before constructing a deck. All playable decks must also include precisely 30 cards.
Other than this, deck construction rules vary by game mode:
- In Play mode, Friendly Challenges, and most Solo Adventures, the player must build their deck with cards from their collection (or use a basic deck). The deck can only include 2 of each card (including regular and golden versions), and only 1 of each Legendary card. Play mode and Friendly Challenges decks must conform to the selected game format, either Standard or Wild.
- In the Arena, the player draws a random selection of cards out of those in Standard format, with no relation to which cards they have collected. Arena decks also do not have any limits on how many copies of the same card can the player have in their deck. A fresh Arena deck is made at the start of each Arena run, and is lost at the end of that run.
- Tavern Brawls may feature pre-made or custom decks.
- Custom Tavern Brawl decks usually follow the same construction rules as Wild format Play mode, but sometimes feature special rules or restrictions on which cards can be included. Custom decks for Tavern Brawls are created especially for that Brawl, and similar to Arena decks, are lost when the Brawl closes.
- Pre-made decks may be fixed, or randomly generated before each game, but either way cannot be edited or directly viewed by players. Pre-made decks may contain cards completely different from those available in normal play.
- A few Adventure boss encounters give the player pre-made decks filled with special cards, but this is far rarer than in Tavern Brawl mode.
- Adventure Class Challenges feature pre-made decks, each tailored for the matching encounter. Like Arena decks, these decks do not have any card copy limits, and like pre-made Tavern Brawl decks, cannot be edited or viewed directly.
- Boss decks
Bosses use unique decks, often including special cards which are not available to players. These decks have no card copy limits, and unlike playable decks may include cards from multiple classes and feature more than 30 cards in total. Most bosses have two decks, one for Normal mode and one for Heroic mode, with the latter usually presenting a tougher take on the same design. Each version of a boss uses the same deck each time they are played against.
Related cards[edit | edit source]
- See also: In-deck effect
The following cards have specific synergy with the cards in the player's deck.
|Name / Desc||Rarity||Type||Subtype||Class||Cost||Atk||HP||Description|
|Double Jump||Common||Spell||Demon Hunter||1||Draw an Outcast card from your deck.|
|Font of Power||Rare||Spell||Arcane||Mage||1||Discover a Mage minion. If your deck has no minions, keep all 3.|
|Psychic Conjurer||Free||Minion||General||Priest||1||1||1||Battlecry: Copy a card in your opponent's deck and add it to your hand.|
|Reliquary of Souls||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||1||1||3||Lifesteal|
Deathrattle: Shuffle 'Reliquary Prime' into your deck.
|Secret Passage||Epic||Spell||Rogue||1||Replace your hand with 4 cards from your deck. Swap back next turn.|
|Sphere of Sapience||Legendary||Weapon||Any||1||0||4||At the start of your turn, look at your top card. You can put it on the bottom and lose 1 Durability.|
|Tracking||Free||Spell||Hunter||1||Look at the top 3 cards of your deck. Draw one and discard the others.|
|Corsair Cache||Rare||Spell||Warrior||2||Draw a weapon.|
Give it +1 Durability.
|Deck of Lunacy||Legendary||Spell||Mage||2||Transform spells in your deck into ones that cost (3) more. (They keep their original Cost.)|
|Incanter's Flow||Common||Spell||Arcane||Mage||2||Reduce the Cost of spells in your deck by (1).|
|Sightless Watcher||Free||Minion||Demon||Demon Hunter||2||3||2||Battlecry: Look at 3 cards in your deck. Choose one to put on top.|
|Grand Totem Eys'or||Legendary||Minion||Totem||Shaman||3||0||4||At the end of your turn, give +1/+1 to all other Totems in your hand, deck and battlefield.|
|Inconspicuous Rider||Common||Minion||General||Any||3||2||2||Battlecry: Cast a Secret from your deck.|
|Mindrender Illucia||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||3||1||3||Battlecry: Swap hands and decks with your opponent until your next turn.|
|Shan'do Wildclaw||Legendary||Minion||General||3||3||3||Choose One - Give Beasts in your deck +1/+1; or Transform into a copy of a friendly Beast.|
|Zixor, Apex Predator||Legendary||Minion||Beast||Hunter||3||2||4||Rush|
Deathrattle: Shuffle 'Zixor Prime' into your deck.
|Mindgames||Epic||Spell||Priest||4||Put a copy of a random minion from your opponent's deck into the battlefield.|
|Apexis Blast||Epic||Spell||Mage||5||Deal 5 damage. If your deck has no minions, summon a random 5-Cost minion.|
|Dark Inquisitor Xanesh||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||5||3||5||Battlecry: Reduce the Cost of all Corrupt cards in your hand and deck by (2).|
|Envoy Rustwix||Legendary||Minion||Demon||Warlock||5||5||4||Deathrattle: Shuffle 3 random Prime Legendary minions into your deck.|
|High Abbess Alura||Legendary||Minion||General||5||3||6||Spellburst: Cast a spell from your deck (targets this if possible).|
|Lorekeeper Polkelt||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||5||4||5||Battlecry: Reorder your deck from the highest Cost card to the lowest Cost card.|
|Malevolent Strike||Epic||Spell||Rogue||5||Destroy a minion. Costs (1) less for each card in your deck that didn't start there.|
|Deck of Chaos||Legendary||Spell||Warlock||6||Swap the Cost and Attack of all minions in your deck.|
|Grand Empress Shek'zara||Legendary||Minion||General||Rogue||6||5||7||Battlecry: Discover a card in your deck and draw all copies of it.|
|Maxima Blastenheimer||Legendary||Minion||General||Hunter||6||4||4||Battlecry: Summon a minion from your deck. It attacks the enemy hero, then dies.|
|Commencement||Rare||Spell||7||Summon a minion from your deck. Give it Taunt and Divine Shield.|
|Death Speaker Blackthorn||Legendary||Minion||General||Demon Hunter||7||3||6||Battlecry: Summon 3 Deathrattle minions that cost (5) or less from your deck.|
|Nozdormu the Eternal||Legendary||Minion||Dragon||Any||7||8||8||Start of Game: If this is in BOTH players' decks, turns are only 15 seconds long.|
|Archwitch Willow||Legendary||Minion||General||Warlock||8||5||5||Battlecry: Summon a random Demon from your hand and deck.|
|High Exarch Yrel||Legendary||Minion||General||Paladin||8||7||5||Battlecry: If your deck has no Neutral cards, gain Rush, Lifesteal, Taunt, and Divine Shield.|
|Idol of Y'Shaarj||Epic||Spell||Priest||8||Summon a 10/10 copy of a minion in your deck.|
|Blood of G'huun||Epic||Minion||Elemental||Priest||9||8||8||Taunt|
At the end of your turn, summon a 5/5 copy of a minion in your deck.
|Survival of the Fittest||Epic||Spell||Druid||10||Give +4/+4 to all minions in your hand, deck, and battlefield.|
|Showing all 34 cards|
Forged in the Barrens
The below cards are planned for release with Forged in the Barrens, coming March 30th, 2021.
|Name / Desc||Rarity||Type||Subtype||Class||Cost||Atk||HP||Description|
|Psychic Conjurer||Common||Minion||General||Priest||1||1||1||Battlecry: Copy a card in your opponent's deck and add it to your hand.|
|Tracking||Rare||Spell||Hunter||1||Discover a card from your deck.|
|Apothecary's Caravan||Rare||Minion||General||Warlock||2||1||3||At the start of your turn, summon a 1-Cost minion from your deck.|
|Selective Breeder||Rare||Minion||General||Hunter||2||1||1||Battlecry: Discover a copy of a Beast in your deck.|
|Sightless Watcher||Rare||Minion||Demon||Demon Hunter||2||3||2||Battlecry: Look at 3 cards in your deck. Choose one to put on top.|
|Soothsayer's Caravan||Rare||Minion||General||Priest||2||1||3||At the start of your turn, copy a spell from your opponent's deck to your hand.|
|Sword of the Fallen||Weapon||Weapon||Paladin||2||1||3||After your hero attacks, cast a Secret from your deck.|
|Thrive in the Shadows||Rare||Spell||Shadow||Priest||2||Discover a spell from your deck.|
|Arcane Luminary||Epic||Minion||Elemental||Mage||3||4||3||Cards that didn't start in your deck cost (2) less, but not less than (1).|
|Blood Shard Bristleback||Rare||Minion||General||Warlock||3||3||3||Lifesteal. Battlecry: If your deck contains 10 or fewer cards, deal 6 damage to a minion.|
|Tavish Stormpike||Legendary||Minion||General||Hunter||3||2||5||After a friendly Beast attacks, summon a Beast from your deck that costs (1) less.|
|Invigorating Sermon||Common||Spell||Holy||Paladin||4||Give +1/+1 to all minions in your hand, deck, and battlefield.|
|Kazakus, Golem Shaper||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||4||3||3||Battlecry: If your deck has no 4-Cost cards, build a custom Golem.|
|Southsea Scoundrel||Epic||Minion||Pirate||Any||4||5||5||Battlecry: Discover a card in your opponent's deck. They draw theirs as well.|
|Neeru Fireblade||Legendary||Minion||General||Warlock||5||5||5||Battlecry: If your deck is empty, open a portal that fills your board with 3/2 Imps each turn.|
|Taelan Fordring||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||5||3||3||Taunt, Divine Shield|
Deathrattle: Draw your highest-Cost minion.
Costs (1) while your deck has 10 or fewer cards.
|Celestial Alignment||Epic||Spell||Arcane||Druid||7||Set each player to 0 Mana Crystals. Set the Cost of cards in all hands and decks to (1).|
|Showing all 18 cards|
|Name / Desc||Rarity||Type||Subtype||Class||Cost||Atk||HP||Description|
|Embiggen||Epic||Spell||Druid||0||Give all minions in your deck +2/+2. They cost (1) more (up to 10).|
|Open the Waygate||Legendary||Spell||Mage||1||Quest: Cast 8 spells that didn't start in your deck.|
Reward: Time Warp.
|Strength in Numbers||Common||Spell||Druid||1||Sidequest: Spend 10 Mana on minions.|
Reward: Summon a minion from your deck.
|Envoy of Lazul||Epic||Minion||General||Priest||2||2||2||Battlecry: Look at 3 cards. Guess which one is in your opponent's hand to get a copy of it.|
|Murkspark Eel||Rare||Minion||Beast||Shaman||2||2||3||Battlecry: If your deck has only even-Cost cards, deal 2 damage.|
|Prince Keleseth||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||2||2||2||Battlecry: If your deck has no 2-cost cards, give all minions in your deck +1/+1.|
|Raven Familiar||Common||Minion||Beast||Mage||2||2||2||Battlecry: Reveal a spell in each deck. If yours costs more, draw it.|
|Shadow Visions||Epic||Spell||Priest||2||Discover a copy of a spell in your deck.|
|Sir Finley of the Sands||Legendary||Minion||Murloc||Paladin||2||2||3||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, Discover an upgraded Hero Power.|
|Wyrmrest Purifier||Epic||Minion||General||Any||2||3||2||Battlecry: Transform all Neutral cards in your deck into random cards from your class.|
|Zephrys the Great||Legendary||Minion||Elemental||Any||2||3||2||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, wish for the perfect card.|
|Ancharrr||Legendary||Weapon||Warrior||3||2||2||After your hero attacks, draw a Pirate from your deck.|
|Augmented Elekk||Epic||Minion||Beast||Any||3||3||4||Whenever you shuffle a card into a deck, shuffle in an extra copy.|
|Black Cat||Common||Minion||Beast||Mage||3||3||3||Spell Damage +1|
Battlecry: If your deck has only odd-Cost cards, draw a card.
|Curious Glimmerroot||Epic||Minion||General||Priest||3||3||3||Battlecry: Look at 3 cards.|
Guess which one started in your opponent's deck to get a copy of it.
Battlecry: Draw a Rush minion from your deck.
|Master's Call||Epic||Spell||Hunter||3||Discover a minion from your deck. Draw all three cards if they are three Beasts.|
|Mischief Maker||Epic||Minion||General||Any||3||3||3||Battlecry: Swap the top card of your deck with your opponent's.|
|Prince Taldaram||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||3||3||3||Battlecry: If your deck has no 3-Cost cards, transform into a 3/3 copy of a minion.|
|Skydiving Instructor||Common||Minion||General||Any||3||2||2||Battlecry: Summon a 1-Cost minion from your deck.|
|Stitched Tracker||Common||Minion||General||Hunter||3||2||2||Battlecry: Discover a copy of a minion in your deck.|
|Surrender to Madness||Epic||Spell||Priest||3||Destroy 3 of your Mana Crystals. Give all minions in your deck +2/+2.|
|Corpsetaker||Epic||Minion||General||Any||4||3||3||Battlecry: Gain Taunt if your deck has a Taunt minion. Repeat for Divine Shield, Lifesteal, Windfury.|
|Frizz Kindleroost||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||4||5||4||Battlecry: Reduce the Cost of Dragons in your deck by (2).|
|Kazakus||Legendary||Minion||General||4||3||3||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, create a custom spell.|
|Leyline Manipulator||Rare||Minion||Elemental||Mage||4||4||5||Battlecry: If you're holding any cards that didn't start in your deck, reduce their Cost by (2).|
|Lightforged Zealot||Rare||Minion||General||Paladin||4||4||2||Battlecry: If your deck has no Neutral cards, equip a 4/2 Truesilver Champion.|
|Necrium Apothecary||Epic||Minion||General||Rogue||4||2||5||Combo: Draw a Deathrattle minion from your deck and gain its Deathrattle.|
|Prince Valanar||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||4||4||4||Battlecry: If your deck has no 4-Cost cards, gain Lifesteal and Taunt.|
|Elise the Enlightened||Legendary||Minion||General||Druid||5||5||5||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, duplicate your hand.|
Battlecry: If your deck has only odd-Cost cards, double the Health of your other minions.
Battlecry: If your deck has only odd-Cost cards, gain +2/+2.
|Gral, the Shark||Legendary||Minion||Beast||Rogue||5||2||2||Battlecry: Eat a minion in your deck and gain its stats.|
Deathrattle: Add it to your hand.
|Prince Malchezaar||Legendary||Minion||Demon||Any||5||5||6||Start of Game: Add 5 extra Legendary minions to your deck.|
|Raza the Chained||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||5||5||5||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, your Hero Power costs (0) this game.|
|Stowaway||Rare||Minion||General||Rogue||5||4||4||Battlecry: If there are cards in your deck that didn’t start there, draw 2 of them.|
|Deadly Arsenal||Epic||Spell||Warrior||6||Reveal a weapon from your deck. Deal its Attack to all minions.|
|Flik Skyshiv||Legendary||Minion||General||Rogue||6||4||4||Battlecry: Destroy a minion and all copies of it (wherever they are).|
|Lady in White||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||6||5||5||Battlecry: Cast 'Inner Fire' on all minions in your deck. (set Attack equal to Health)|
|Reno Jackson||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||6||4||6||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, fully heal your hero.|
|Reno the Relicologist||Legendary||Minion||General||Mage||6||4||6||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, deal 10 damage randomly split among all enemy minions.|
|Seeping Oozeling||Rare||Minion||General||Hunter||6||5||4||Battlecry: Gain the Deathrattle of a random minion in your deck.|
|Spiteful Summoner||Epic||Minion||General||Any||6||4||4||Battlecry: Reveal a spell from your deck. Summon a random minion with the same Cost.|
|The Mistcaller||Legendary||Minion||General||Shaman||6||4||4||Battlecry: Give all minions in your hand and deck +1/+1.|
|To My Side!||Epic||Spell||Hunter||6||Summon an Animal Companion, or 2 if your deck has no minions.|
|Archbishop Benedictus||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||7||4||6||Battlecry: Shuffle a copy of your opponent's deck into your deck.|
|Blastmaster Boom||Legendary||Minion||General||Warrior||7||7||7||Battlecry: Summon two 1/1 Boom Bots for each Bomb in your opponent's deck.|
|Chef Nomi||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||7||6||6||Battlecry: If your deck is empty, summon six 6/6 Greasefire Elementals.|
|Dinotamer Brann||Legendary||Minion||General||Hunter||7||2||4||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, summon King Krush.|
|Inkmaster Solia||Legendary||Minion||General||Mage||7||5||5||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, the next spell you cast this turn costs (0).|
|Lightforged Crusader||Epic||Minion||General||Paladin||7||7||7||Battlecry: If your deck has no Neutral cards, add 5 random Paladin cards to your hand.|
|Rhok'delar||Legendary||Weapon||Hunter||7||4||2||Battlecry: If your deck has no minions, fill your hand with Hunter spells.|
|Grand Archivist||Epic||Minion||General||Any||8||4||7||At the end of your turn, cast a spell from your deck (targets chosen randomly).|
|King Togwaggle||Legendary||Minion||General||Any||8||5||5||Battlecry: Swap decks with your opponent. Give them a Ransom spell to swap back.|
|Mana Giant||Epic||Minion||Elemental||Mage||8||8||8||Costs (1) less for each card you've played this game that didn't start in your deck.|
|Princess Talanji||Legendary||Minion||General||Priest||8||7||5||Battlecry: Summon all minions from your hand that didn't start in your deck.|
|Tortollan Pilgrim||Epic||Minion||General||Mage||8||5||5||Battlecry: Discover a spell in your deck and cast it with random targets.|
|Krul the Unshackled||Legendary||Minion||Demon||Warlock||9||7||9||Battlecry: If your deck has no duplicates, summon all Demons from your hand.|
|Mecha'thun||Legendary||Minion||Mech||Any||10||10||10||Deathrattle: If you have no cards in your deck, hand, and battlefield, destroy the enemy hero.|
|The Boom Reaver||Legendary||Minion||Mech||Warrior||10||7||9||Battlecry: Summon a copy of a minion in your deck. Give it Rush.|
|Showing all 60 cards|
Notes[edit | edit source]
- While decks can normally only contain 30 cards, within a match shuffle into deck effects can introduce new cards into a deck, allowing it to exceed the normal 30 card limit, up to a maximum of 60. Any such adjustments to decks during battle are not carried beyond the match.
- In Adventures, some Bosses may have a deck size that deviates from 30 cards. Notably, Coren Direbrew has a deck size of 36 on Heroic difficulty and Patchwerk has a deck size of 0 on both difficulties.
- Each player's deck is randomly ordered or 'shuffled' at the start of the match prior to the mulligan, and then again following the mulligan if any cards were replaced. Shuffle into deck effects obviously re-shuffle the deck as well.
- The order of the undrawn deck is believed to be functionally insignificant, since it is not possible for the player to see the order of cards in their deck without drawing them. Those effects which draw directly from the player's deck do so randomly and thus are not affected by the order of cards within the deck. Shuffling the deck, such as through shuffle into deck effects, should therefore have no practical impact on gameplay, aside from allowing for the random placement of new cards.
Strategy[edit | edit source]
Players who have mastered the basics of the game are generally recommended to try their hand at constructing their own decks. This not only helps players to learn about the game's deeper strategic elements, but is likely to provide a superior deck to the basic decks available. Players can use their favourite cards from that class' basic deck (or the entire deck) as a starting point for building their new deck. Many players also choose to search for deck listings online.
Players are free to change their deck as often as they wish. Decks can be created and altered through the My Collection screen. Players can have up to 18 custom decks at any time, and can also name their decks. Creating a custom deck is highly recommended, due to the generally poor nature of the basic decks.
Deck construction is a key strategic element to the game. There are many broad styles of deck, with an almost uncountable number of possible variations. Common deck types include control decks, aggro decks and mid-game decks, although many decks combine elements of each of these styles. The selection of class allows for additional customization, with certain classes having a natural synergy with certain types of deck. Many players choose to create different decks in order to try out certain builds or to play against specific weaknesses or strengths of other decks.
Perhaps the most critical feature of deck construction is their size limit: 30 cards. This forces players to choose between dozens of desirable possibilities, and focus upon their chosen strategy. However, the limit to the deck's size also ensures a limit to the unpredictability of the deck when playing. Paying attention to the mana curve can help in building a balanced deck.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
- The maximum deck size was limited around April 2015 to 60 cards. Prior to this, numbers as large as 466 had been observed, using shuffle into deck effects.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Daxxarri (March 14, 2016). Hearthstone Patch Notes - 220.127.116.1151. Retrieved on 2019-07-22.
- Blizzard Entertainment (2017-05-16). New Features Coming to Hearthstone!.
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2015-01-20).
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2016-01-20).
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2016-01-25).
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2016-01-19).
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2015-01-19).
- Ben Brode on Twitter. (2015-02-16).